Pastel painting was still considered a comparatively young genre at the time. Carriera was instrumental in making this technique a valued form of painting. The many portraits of princes of the ruling dynasties of Europe show how much in demand the artist was. But she also captured literary figures, musicians and dancers from her home city of Venice in pictures; a visit to her was also part of the regular programme of the numerous travellers through Italy. Thus, portraits constitute the largest part of her oeuvre.